Basements can be highly susceptible to mold growth if not suitably constructed, finished, and maintained. Basements are predominantly subterranean with exterior walls in direct contact with water.
In the design of heat generating underground utilities, such as electrical conduits, understanding the ability of the surrounding media to dissipate heat is a key parameter for design. Thermal resistivity, referred to as Rho (ρ) value and expressed in units of C.Cm/W or C.m/W, is the measure of resistance to heat flow through a material such as soil, concrete, or Fluidized Thermal Backfill (FTB) used as backfill or encasement for underground utilities.
In New York State, the demolition of buildings/structures with asbestos-containing materials (ACM) present must be performed in accordance with New York State Department of Labor (NYSDOL) Industrial Code Rule 56 (Part 56 of Title 12 of the Official Compilation of Codes, Rules, and Regulations of the State of New York, cited as 12 NYCRR 56).
In the state of New York, the removal, encapsulation, enclosure, repair, or handling of asbestos material that may result in the release of asbestos fibers must be performed in accordance with the New York State Department of Labor (NYSDOL) Industrial Code Rule 56 (Part 56 of Title 12 of the Official Compilation of Codes, Rules and Regulations of the State of New York, cited as 12 NYCRR Part 56).
Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) are a group of man-made chemicals, including perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), used in the production of a wide variety of consumer goods. PFAS have been commonly found in food packaging, household cleaning products, stain repellents, pesticides, and fire-retarding foam.
Concrete Strength is the most common performance measurement used by engineers when designing buildings and other structures and identifying compressive strength of in-place concrete is used to determine the performance of materials in their service condition or for rehabilitation and evaluation.