By Dr. Christopher R. Kelson, PhD, PG, Senior Geologist

Dr. Chris Kelson, PhD., P.G.Do you have a structure that is exhibiting signs of distress, such as spalling concrete with exposed and corroding reinforcing steel? There can be several factors leading to this condition. In this article, we will discuss carbonation and its effect on concrete and embedded steel over time.  We will also highlight common methods for evaluating concrete that can prove helpful in determining mitigation and repair strategies for a structure.

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